4. Brainstorming and Presenting


Day 5 – Monday was presentation day. The level of stress went up a notch on the morning of Monday as we prepared to half something substantial to present to Chris and Holger.

The panorama creation and ideation on level 7 left us with a visual proposition to build a theoretical statement on and research further.

Myself, Helen, Gisele and Louise all did some amount of research to gain a theoretical position to have a basis for proceeding. I personally slipped back to the anthropology field that I studied years ago to come up with some key notions and concepts to build on:

  • Schismogenesis

  • Liminality.

Given the nature of the estuary from our current understanding, I firstly looked into the thresholds, liminality and ‘the space in-between’.

In this space in between, two opposing forces can unite – I like to think that the lion and the lamb will lie together if the rain outside is hard enough.

This idea is embodied in Janus, the two-faced Roman god of warfare, originally deity of doors and thresholds, his two faces representing the simple fact that from a door one can see both ways (Szakolczai, 2009). In addition to this, the notion brought forward by Plutonian thought connotes the intruder, which can be linked to the rigidity of the Arthropod will intrude the fluidity the thoughts of one’s mind.

This leads us to present the idea that the creation of division, or schismogenesis can take place in the estuary and yet the estuary will remain intact and functioning.



Anthropologist Gregory Bateson (1935) came to the recognition that societies can be stuck for a long time in a state where the previous unity was broken, and yet the schismatic components are forced to stay together, producing an unpleasant, violent, harrowing, truly miserable existence (Szakolczai, 2009).

This brought forward the notion that opposing forces exist in the same environment. This led into Helens research into the dictomony of Plato and Homer.

Our statement on our theoretical position was contributed to by all, but Gisele wrote it out:

“Our concept explores the fluctuation between the rational and emotional mind. Our estuary focuses on the ebb and flow of water currents as they combine and divide from and to different river paths. The rational and emotional mind is concurrent, intertwined, but separate and working on separate axes. An experience will be considered territory or intruder depending on which mind is taking priority. External stimuli affects and influences the mind towards a certain state. One can change between emotional and rational states of mind, but it is a slower, more specific, targeted approach. This emulates the movement of estuaries where the freshwater adjusts to become salt water.”


Bateson, G, 1935. Culture Contact and Schismogenesis. Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, [Online]. Vol. 35 (Dec., 1935), 178. Available at: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2789408?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents [Accessed 29 January 2017].


Szakolczai, A, 2009. Liminality and Experience: Structuring transitory situations and transformative events. International Political Anthropology, [Online]. Vol. 2 (2009) No. 1, 151-155. Available at: http://s3.amazonaws.com/academia.edu.documents/34746291/ipa_journal_1_2009_szakolczai.pdf?AWSAccessKeyId=AKIAIWOWYYGZ2Y53UL3A&Expires=1485673850&Signature=5smmU%2Fiu8bLZfMlKSxlE74Gwcqk%3D&response-content-disposition=inline%3B%20filename%3DLiminality_and_Experience_Structuring_tr.pdf [Accessed 29 January 2017].


US Environmental Protection Agency. (2011). What’s An Estuary? Now You Know.. [Online Video]. 7 September 2011. Available from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XLumSN4G5P4. [Accessed: 29 January 2017].



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